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"Black Indians," The "Civilized Tribes", & Native American Slavery Creek, Seminole, Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw) Most of the ‘Five Civilized Tribes’ were slave holding nations. Slavery was introduced by white slave owners into the upper echelons of Native nations. Most full-blooded Natives weren’t slave owners, rather the ‘mixed-bloods’, the people who lived like white planters, were. Masters frequently raped their female slaves. Those slaves had children who would go on to be known as the Freedmen. After the Civil War and the abolition of slavery, a treaty was signed with the federal government in 1866. In this agreement, four of five tribes guaranteed full tribal citizenship for former slaves. The treaty clearly says that former slaves ‘shall have all the rights of Natives’.